The following is a list of services provided at AtlantiCare Imaging Services. Click on the links below for descriptons of each procedure.
CCTA is a type of computed tomography exam that identifies blockages in the vessels that feed the heart, also known as coronary arteries. This new, non-invasive technique allows doctors to clearly view narrowed or clogged arteries that can cause a heart attack or stroke and identify a patient’s risk for coronary artery disease.
An excellent diagnostic tool, CCTA is a non-invasive alternative to traditional angiography because it offers more detailed images of heart function, for a faster, more accurate diagnosis. CCTA may be used to determine if a patient requires such procedures as stent placement or angioplasty. It may also be used to determine the need for cardiac catheterization. For some patients, CCTA may be used instead of cardiac catheterization.
A CT Scan or CAT Scan (Computerized Axial Tomography) uses X-ray beams that pulse through the body, allowing for multiple views in much greater detail than a standard X-ray. Each pulse lasts only a fraction of a second and represents a photographic “slice” of the organ or area being studied. CT Scanning allows doctors to obtain valuable information about almost any body organ — such as the liver, kidneys, lungs, and heart — plus blood vessels, the abdominal cavity, bones, and the spinal cord.
During the scan, patients are injected with a contrast material that makes blood vessels and organs more visible. The dye may also be used so doctors can more accurately evaluate blood flow, detect tumors, and identify areas of inflammation.
A Dexascan is a method of Bone Mineral Density (BMD) testing that measures the strength, or mineral density, of a patient’s bones using a special X-ray, CT Scan, or Ultrasound. This procedure is most commonly used to determine osteoporosis. Loss of bone mass occurs as part of the natural process of aging. When calcium is used faster than it is added, the bones become lighter, less dense, and more porous, therefore increasing their risk of fracture.
A Dexascan is non-invasive, painless, and only one-tenth the radiation exposure of a regular X-ray. The scanner passes over one area of the patient’s skeleton, such as the lower spine, wrist, or hip. The technology measures the amount of x-rays that are absorbed by the bones in the body. The radiologist produces a report based on the bone density measurements and the patient’s medical history.
Radiography is a form of diagnostic imaging also known as X-rays, Fluoroscopy, and Roentgenography. Using a higher energy form of light known as electromagnetic radiation, X-rays penetrate the body, creating an image on the film or radiograph. Dense structures, such as bone, absorb the X-rays, creating a white image. Less dense structures, such as organs, appear darker. X-ray’s are always taken in at least two views, typically a side-view and a straight-on view. Fluoroscopy uses continuous radiation to capture moving images of structures, such as the colon.
Radiography is painless and requires only very low doses of radiation. For those structures in the body that are not dense enough to form definitive images, patients may be required to take a contrast agent so doctors can more accurately view the structure on film. The contrast may be administered intravenously, orally, or via the organ being imaged.
Interventional Radiology is the ability to treat an ever-widening range of conditions inside the body — from outside the body. Using imaging devices such as X-rays, MRIs, and CT Scans, and tiny, specialized instruments, Interventional Radiologists can “see” inside the body to perform image-guided procedures. This allows them to guide narrow tubes, also known as catheters, and other very small tools through the blood vessels and other parts of the body to the site of a problem.
Interventional Radiology consists of minimally invasive procedures that treat a wide variety of medical conditions that historically would have required open surgery to perform, and in some cases, can eliminate the need for hospitalization. In addition to treatment, interventional radiology is also an excellent diagnostic tool that allows doctors to see what traditional imaging cannot capture on its own. Our Interventional Radiologists perform a vast variety of procedures — from angiography, angioplasty, and stent placement to embolization, intravascular ultrasound, and cancer treatments.
A Mammogram is an X-ray of the breasts, also known as mammary glands, that enables doctors to identify breast problems, such as a lump, and whether a lump is a fluid-filled cyst or a solid mass. An essential screening tool in the early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer, mammograms can show changes in the breast up to two years before a patient or physician can feel them or before noticeable symptoms occur such as a lump, pain, or nipple discharge.
According to the American Cancer Society, women over 40 should have an annual mammography exam. While mammograms do not prevent breast cancer or reduce a woman's risk of developing cancer, the earlier cancer is discovered, the more easily it is treated and cured. About 5% to 10% of mammograms will require more testing of specific breast tissue, or an additional ultrasound or biopsy. This is very common and precautionary, with most of these tests proving no presence of cancer.
An MRI is a test that produces highly detailed pictures of body tissues and organs without the need for x-rays. Instead, electromagnetic energy and pulses of radiofrequency waves move through the area of the body that’s being examined, point by point, to create 2-D images or 3-D models.
MRIs provide an unparalleled view inside the body and provide information that otherwise cannot be obtained by an X-ray, Ultrasound, or CT scan. An MRI can detect important changes in the normal structure of organs or other tissues, which may indicate diseases caused by trauma, infection, inflammation, or tumors. Sometimes a contrast material is administered during an MRI scan to enhance the visibility of certain structures to help doctors evaluate blood flow, detect certain types of tumors, and locate areas of inflammation.
Nuclear Medicine is a medical specialty that uses trace amounts of a radioactive compound to show the function and structure of specific body organs, bones, or tissues to aid in the diagnosis or treatment of disease.
The radioactive compound, known as a tracer, contains atoms that emit energy, which is attracted to certain type of molecules. A different type of tracer is used to attract different types of tissues, such as bones, organs, glands, and blood vessels. Once enough tracers have accumulated in the area that is to be examined, then a gamma camera measures the intensity of radiation in what is called a “count.” Once enough counts have been obtained, a valuable image is generated.
Ultrasound testing, also known as sonography, is a radiology technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of organs and structures in the body. Ultrasounds are an indispensable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the chest, abdomen, blood vessels, and pregnancy. During an ultrasound exam, sound waves are bounced off tissues and the resulting echo patterns are transmitted electronically to a viewing monitor, where they form a 2-D image in real time.
An ultrasound is often used to evaluate the condition of a pregnant woman and her growing baby. An ultrasound can show size, gender, movement, and position of the fetus. Ultrasounds enable expectant parents to see the first live "picture" of their baby-to-be. Ultrasound testing is painless, harmless, and does not involve radiation.We also offer PVR (Peripheral Vascular Resistance) exams at our Mainland Campus. PVR is a screening tool using ultrasound dopplers in conjunction with blood pressure cuffs to access potential arterial vascular disease in the lower extremities.
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