Heart Disease

Heart disease is a form of cardiovascular disease, or CVD.  There are a number of different warning signs of heart disease that you can look for to help prevent a cardiovascular event such as heart attack, heart failure, hypertension and arteriosclerosis.

Heart disease symptoms will vary depending on what kind of event you're experiencing.  However, there are some consistent ones to be aware of.  For exmple, the symptoms of a heart attack are typically pain in your left arm or jaw, or tightening in your chest.

Some risk factors of heart disease include:AtlantiCare-Heart-Disease

  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol levels
  • Lack of exercise

Treatment options

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
CABG, also known as "heart bypass surgery," is done by taking a healthy blood vessel from the back of the chest wall or from an arm or leg and grafting one end onto the aorta and the other end below the blocked portion of the affected coronary artery.  The purpose is to improve blood flow to the heart.

Surgical ablation
A surgical ablation is usually performed to treat atrial fibrillation.  It can be a minimally invasive or open heart procedure.  Through it, normal electrical pathways are reestablished to correct the rhythm disturbance.

Cardiac catheterization
A heart catheterization is used to diagnose and treat certain heart conditions.  A long, thin, flexible tube is put into a blood vessel in your arm, groin (upper thigh) or neck and threaded to your heart.  Using the catheter, doctors can then do diagnostic tests and treatments on your heart, such as determining if you need treatment for clogged arteries.

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